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Assertion-Reason Questions

The assertion-reason item combines elements of multiple choice and true/false question types, and allows you to test more complicated issues and requires a higher level of learning.

The question consists of two statements, an assertion and a reason. The student must first determine whether each statement is true. If both are true, the student must next determine whether the reason correctly explains the assertion. There is one option for each possible outcome.

Each question below consists of an assertion and a reason. Indicate your answer from the alternatives below by circling the appropriate letter.
  Assertion Reason  
A True True Reason is correct explanation
B True True Reason is NOT a correct explanation
C True False  
D False True  
E False False  
1 The blood sugar level falls rapidly after hepactectomy BECAUSE The glycogen of the liver is the principal source of blood sugar
2 Increased government spending increases inflation under all conditions BECAUSE Government spending is not offset by any form of production.
3 Chloroform has a dipole moment. BECAUSE The chloroform molecule is tetrahedral

Assertion-reason tests can be used to explore cause and effect and identify relationships. When writing assertion-reason questions, keep in mind the following points:

  • The reason should be a free standing sentence so that it can be considered separately from the assertion.
  • Avoid using minor reasons. These can result in an ambigous question.
  • Repeat options A-E in full for each question.
  • Use all five options as keys equally.

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Next: Multiple Response Questions (MRQs)

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